Financial Markets










 Exchange Rate Regime and FX Reserve Management


1. Exchange Rate Regime

Since May 1999, Pakistan has been following a market-based flexible exchange rate system. Inter-bank rate applies to all foreign exchange receipts and payments both in the public and private sectors. Exchange rate is determined by the demand and supply conditions in the domestic interbank foreign exchange market.

– All foreign exchange requirements for all approved purposes, including imports, services and debt repayment are met by the authorized dealers that form the inter-bank market. The authorized dealers are not required to approach the SBP for release of foreign exchange for any purpose, nor are they required to surrender it to the SBP. Each authorized dealer is free to fix their own buying and selling rates. The SBP does not provide forward cover to the authorized dealers. However, authorized dealers may provide forward cover for exports, imports and other permitted transactions, in accordance with the conditions prevailing in the market.

2. FX Reserves

Foreign Exchange Act 1947 authorizes State Bank of Pakistan to manage country’s foreign exchange reserves. As an agent to the Government, the Bank has been authorized to purchase and sale gold, silver or approved foreign exchange and transactions of Special Drawing Rights with the International Monetary Fund under sub-sections 13(a) and 13(f) of Section 17 of the State Bank of Pakistan Act, 1956.

– As the custodian of country’s external reserves, the State Bank is responsible for the management of the foreign exchange reserves and repayment of external debts. The reserves management task is being performed by an Investment Committee which, after taking into consideration the overall level of reserves, maturities and payment obligations, takes decision to make investment of surplus funds in such a manner that ensures prudent management of Foreign Exchange Reserves with core objective of; Safety, Liquidity and Optimum Return.



  •  
    SBP Policy Rate
    17.00% p.a.
     
    SBP Overnight
    Reverse
    Repo (Ceiling) Rate
    18.00% p.a
     
    SBP Overnight
    Repo (Floor) Rate
    16.00% p.a.
  •  
    Weighted-average Overnight Repo Rate
    As on 01-Feb-23

    16.77% p.a.
    KIBOR
    As on 02-Feb-23
    Tenor BID OFFER
    3-M 17.66 17.91
    6-M 17.75

    18.00

    12-M 17.81 18.31
     

  • MTBs
    Tenor Rates
    3-M 17.9374%
    6-M Bids Rejected
    12-M Bids Rejected
    (as on Jan 25, 2023)
    Fixed-rate PIB
    Tenor Cut-off Rates
    3-Y Bids Rejected
    5-Y Bids Rejected
    10-Y Bids Rejected
    15-Y No Bid
    20-Y No Bid
    30-Y No Bid
    (as on Jan 18, 2023)

    Floating-rate PIBs (Quarterly Coupon)

    Tenor Cut-off Price
    2-Y Rs. 99.0127
    3-Y Rs. 97.8235

    Floating-rate PIBs
    (Half-yearly Coupon)

    Tenor Cut-off Price
    5-Y Bids Rejected
    10-Y Bids Rejected
    (as on Jan 25, 2023)
    GIS FRR
    Tenor Cut-off Rental Rate
    3-Y No Bid
    5-Y No Bid
    GIS VRR
    Tenor Cut-off Margin
    3-Y -25 BPs
    5-Y Bids Rejected
    (as on 03-Jan-2023)
  • PIB Auction
    (Fixed Rate)
    15-Feb-23


    MTB
    08-Feb-23

    Floating Rate PIB
    (Semi-Annual Coupon)

    08-Feb-23
    Floating-rate PIB
    (Quarterly Coupon)

    08-Feb-23
    GIS VRR

    16-Feb-23
    GIS FRR

    16-Feb-23
    As on 27-Jan-23
    SBP’s Reserves
    3,086.2
    Bank’s Reserves
    5,655.5
    Total Reserves
    8,741.7

  •  
    As on 02-Feb-23
     
    M2M
    Revaluation Rate
    271.3550
    Weighted
    Average Rate
    Bid: 270.6409
    Offer:

    271.0570


       
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